2012年の世界CO2排出量、増加率は減少傾向に 蘭報告書


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[November 1 AFP] As for the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) emission in the world in 2012, it became clear that the rate of increase of the ratio of the previous year became 1.1%, and was less than an average of 2.9% of the annual rate of increase for the past ten years in the report released on the 31st.
Although a world economy growth rate is 3.5% according to the report which ? Netherlands environment-assessment agency (Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, NEAA) released, It is said that a part of factor which CO2 increase is slowing down is a result of conversion to the water-power generation in China, and conversion to shale gas in the U.S.
CO2 emissions updated the highest ever following 34,500 million tons and last year by ? one side.
According to the ? report, the CO2 emissions in 2012 of China were 9,900 million tons, and the year-on-year rising rate was low compared with the increase of 3.0%, and the average annual rate of increase (about 10%) for the past ten years.
In ? U.S., the conversion to shale gas from the coal in a power generation section became the main factors, and CO2 emissions recorded the low level since 5,200 million tons and 1993, a 4.0% decrease compared with last year.
At ? European Union (EU), CO2 emissions decreased by 1.6% by the ratio of the previous year under the influence of an economic slump owing to decline of energy consumption and road shipping freight traffic.
the rate which accounts for the whole CO2 emissions in ? 2012 — China — 29%, in EU, 11%, India will be 6%, Russia will be 5%, and Japan has become [ the U.S. ] 4% 15%.
90 percent of the total amount of discharge of ?CO2 is based on combustion of a fossil fuel, and the power generation section serves as the greatest emission source.
The ? report says that the production of electricity by the water-power generation in 2012 is increasing 4.3% compared with the previous year, while use of atomic energy is decreasing under the influence of the 1st nuclear power plant disaster of Fukushima.
(c)AFP
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