気候変動リスク高い国々、2025年の経済規模は世界の3割に


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[November 2 AFP] According to the report which English risk assessment company maple Croft (Maplecroft) released on the 30th A risk of being subject to the influence of a climate change is [ “highly” / or the sum total of the “very high” gross domestic product (GDP) of countries ] likely to come to occupy about 1/3 of GDP of the entire world by 2025, and the rate is likely to increase 50% compared with the present.
For 193 nations, ? maple Croft evaluated a risk of being subject to the influence of a climate change, and correspondence capability.
a risk of being subject to the influence of ? climate change — “it being high” or the sum total of GDP of 67 nations estimated to be “very high” — about 44 trillion dollars (about 4,310 trillion yen) at present.
The report indicated that the attitude corresponding to a flood, a rainstorm, a drought, a rise in the sea level, etc. by which warming is regarded as the cause was not ready, and most of these countries needed a large-scale investment for an infrastructure, protection of property, etc.
Subsequently in Bangladesh, as for the top of 67 nations with high ? risk, Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone, Haiti, the south Sudan, Nigeria, etc. continue.
Among 67 nations, India was the 20th place and China was the 61st place.
The report said, “Many of high growth markets in the world are located in the countries which are very easy to be subject to the influence of a climate change.”
The 5th [ top ] place made very high-risk according to ? city is Dacca (Dhaka), the capital of Bangladesh, Bombay (Mumbai) in India, and Calcutta (Kolkota), capital Manila (Manila) of the Philippines and Bangkok (Bangkok), the capital of Thailand.
It is likely to expand the sum total of GDP of these 5 city by 3 times from the present 275 billion dollars (about 27 trillion yen) by 25, and to amount to 804 billion dollars (about 78,800 billion yen).
About ? one side, the U.S., or the country of the great portion of Europe, the fact that the fund assigned to an adaptation measure was comparatively abundant etc. was cited as a reason a risk is low.
Since the amount of discharge of greenhouse gas is continuing increasing ? report about the target of U.N. (UN) to suppress the rise of the average temperature of the whole earth to less than 2 times as compared with the Industrial Revolution front, the hope of achievement showed the view that it is thin.
Moreover, it was indicated by temperature rise that there was a possibility that destructive influences, such as withering to death of extinction of a seed, a water shortage, and crops and reduction of the land by a rise in the sea level, may come out.
(c)AFP
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