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[November 26 AFP] The Supreme Court of New Zealand passed the judgment turned down as “persuasive power is insufficient” about the petition of the male of archipelagic country Kiribati in the Pacific Ocean which asked for authorization of 26 days and world’s first “climate change refugee.”
The lawyer of Mr. イオアネ テイティオタ (Ioane Teitiota) (37) of ? Kiribati, The petition was started for not repatriating Mr. テイティオタ, although the visa (visa) of New Zealand expired noting that Kiribati where above sea level [ of a country ] is low was exposed to the threat of a rise in the sea level.
? Kiribati is a country which consists of a lagoon island exceeding 30, and many of lagoon islands have above sea level [ of several meters ].
In consideration of the difficulty that Mr. テイティオタ’s lawyer encounters when the person himself/herself and a family are repatriated, the New Zealand authorities insisted that they should authorize Mr. テイティオタ as a refugee.
The John Priestley (John Priestley) judge of ? Supreme Court in a decision on the 26th, Although it admits that Kiribati is faced with the environment deterioration resulting from climate changes, such as a typhoon and contamination of a flood and water, under the Convention on the Status of Refugees of U.N. (UN) recognized internationally, When it goes back, it has determined as the refugee’s conditions that there is a possibility of receiving persecution, and Mr. テイティオタ said that he does not fulfill this condition.
Although Mr. ? テイティオタ side insisted that it had received “passive persecution” from environment by the climate change which cannot cope with the Kiribati government, the judge turned down this opinion.
? and the Priestley judge “if their petition will be supported if it says on a larger level, and it is adopted in other judicial jurisdictions, The real-time influence by mid-term economical poverty or a natural disaster, or dispute, Say that moreover, many people who faced the difficulty etc. which can be presumed that the climate change brought will have a right protected under the Convention on the Status of Refugees”. “it is not a duty of the Supreme Court in New Zealand to change the range of the Convention on the Status of Refugees in that sense.
When the change was desired, it continued, “It was a duty of the legislature of each sovereign nation.”
? United Nations is setting Kiribati to one of the archipelagic countries with a possibility of “losing a country” by a climate change, along with Tuvalu, the New Zealand territory トケラウ, the Maldive Islands, etc.