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[December 6 AFP] A long distance which Mr. Nelson Mandela (Nelson Mandela) who became the President of South Africa from the political crime by antiapartheid (policy of racial segregation) movement followed changed South Africa, and affected the world.
Mr. Mandela who was alike and continued some also for the moon from the infection of ? lung, and was in the critical state took over the breath peacefully, being watched by the family at the house in Johannesburg (Johannesburg) on the 5th.
They were 95 years old.
On February 11, 1990 13 years before ? now, Mr. Mandela thrown into prison in opposition to the apartheid organization by a minority group’s white finished and did the source of the prison life for 27 years.
It was maintaining daring [ spirit ], although the body aged.
? — it was a decisive moment in the 20th century.
By releasing the political crime by which the name was known most in the world, President Frederic De Klerk (Frederik de Klerk) sent a certain clear message.
Millions of black persons of South Africa subordinated over hundreds of years also finished the — apartheid which will become free soon.
? — then 71-year-old Mr. Mandela — the speech for the first time in 27 years — “– the basis of the name of [ in me ] the peace for all the people, democracy, and freedom to you — it talks.
It was said that it was standing before here you” as a humble follower who serves you and the people as a prophet.
Mr. Mandela without the sense of ? self-pity compromised with people who threw oneself into prison and carried out cruel treatment to other black persons, and he explained “true reconciliation” in the country caught by fear those days (and still now).
One year after the award of the Nobel Peace Prize four years after ? release, Mr. Mandela gained popularity national overwhelming support, and he was elected as the first black President in the country.
Mr. ? Mandela — a presidential inaugural address — “– we made one contract.
Also at home [ country — ] the right of the inviolability about dignity as man is secured, the black person and the white declared the foreign country to be the contract that peaceful “country of a rainbow” will be built”, without all the people from South Africa could stretch the breast, could walk, and fearing anything.
Mr. Mandela who became ? President is the quiet manner, the speech which manipulates symbolic language skillfully, etc., and he succeeded in preventing serious racial violence.
■ From a prison to the President
Mr. ? Mandela in the ムベゾ (Mvezo) village which is in one of the poorest areas, and Transkei (Transkei) even in South Africa on July 18, 1918 It was born to テンブ people’s head’s home as ホリシャシャ Mandela (Rolihlahla Dalibhunga Mandela).
“Nelson” is the English name I got the teacher of the school to give.
It became ? school days with the activist, and established the law office for the first time as a black person to Johannesburg in 52.
It will be African National Congress () in ? 61. [ African National Congress and ] It became the supreme commander of the underground militant group “ウムコント ウェ シズウェ (Umkhonto we Sizwe, racial spear)” of ANC, and received military training in Algeria and Ethiopia in following 62.
But it was arrested and prosecuted later and was sentenced to life imprisonment in 64.
The speech which Mr. Mandela made in the trial at this time became a manifesto (declaration) of antiapartheid movement.
“I have fought to rule by a white.
It has fought also to rule by a black person.
I have held an ideal called the democratic and free society which lives in the bottom of an opportunity with all equal people.
(Omission) Preparedness to die for this ideal has also been performed.”
After Mr. ? Mandela was stored in Robben Island (Robben Island) for 18 years, he was transported to the pole スモア (Pollsmoor) prison of Cape Town (Cape Town) in 82.
Then, it was re-transported to the Victor Foerster (Victor Verster) prison of the suburban pearl (Paarl).
In South Africa, the pressure from international society is continuing becoming strong during Mr. ? Mandela’s imprisonment.
If set to ? 1989, hard-liners’ P-W and President Botha (P. W. Botha) will resign, and President reconciliation Frederic De Klerk will take office.
Mr. De Klerk ordered release of Mr. Mandela one year afterward.