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[November 4 AFP] For the televiewers who watch the U.S. microblog “twitter (Twitter)” — sports program which is becoming a social network which an American young man likes most, and a variety show, it is the important “2nd screen”, Moreover, it is a tool useful also for the activists who aim at a government overthrow.
In the short history from ? birth, a twitter will root firmly also into international politics, culture, and entertainment not only as a simple tool for exchange of opinions.
In the political scene, the grass-root movement in Arab states is begun, and it has become the power of promoting democratization also in the U.S. and other advanced nations.
■ The consequence of having done to “Arab Spring”
By the professor of communication study of ? U.S. Georgetown University (Georgetown University), Mr. Adele Iskandar (Adel Iskandar) of an Arab researcher, It says, “Rule of the public opinion by a state became very difficult under the influence of a twitter (setting to Arab states).”
“Even if it can issue an official statement (power side), it is immediately exposed to the reaction of steadfast public opinion.
The dynamics and structure of power changed.”
Although it is Mr. Iskandar who says “Is simplified too much” about the idea of what generating of “Arab Spring” depends on a twitter, a twitter sides with the view “things were accelerated.”
“By the time the protest movement of these broke out (if it was original), possibly it took in 6?7 years.
But people thousands of km away within several days were also able to know what has occurred.”
■ The important tool of a democracy movement
Mr. ? Iskandar indicates that it is applied that it is the same also as the countries of the U.S. or others.
In a twitter, even if political leaders are going to control their message, it is because they are able for many people to react immediately or to reveal falsehood of the message.
“The way which blocks organization very simply (twitter) is included.”
Mr. Philip Howard (Philip Howard) who commands the digital behaviorism research project (Digital Activism Research Project) of ? U.S. University of Washington (University of Washington), although the despotic state has succeeded in control of the dissident activists using U.S. SNS Facebook (Facebook), it indicates “in the twitter, since contents are more quickly alike and flow, such control is difficult.”
Mr. パナヨティス Metaxas (Panagiotis Metaxas) who commands the department of media art science of ? U.S. Wellesley university (Wellesley College), Unlike platforms, such as Facebook, it mentioned as a point which is excellent in the twitter in each tweet (murmur) being equivalent.
Moreover, it is supposed that there is the feature which can calm down a rumor and a false opinion in a twitter in the way of there not being in Facebook.
■ Also the degree check of happiness, and the surveillance of a flu epidemic
The instancy nature of ? twitter is utilized also on television.
It is used in order to obtain a televiewer’s immediate reaction in the dance variety show “a dance, Wiz, and the stars (Dancing With The Stars)” of a live broadcast, It is used for the vote to a participant in the popular audition show “American Idle (American Idol).”
It is supposed that a twitter can be utilized now for analysis of the important social data of “fashion”, “feeling”, etc., etc., so that ? and its user increase in number.
It is already used for the surveillance of prevalence of infection, such as influenza, food poisoning, etc., and also the researcher who is analyzing feeling of changing in Sepang of the researcher who uses a twitter for “the degree index of happiness”, one day, or one season, by the twitter is.
The reason ? researcher likes a twitter is that almost all tweets are exhibited and it offers the easy method for a twitter management company to download data.
Mr. computer science researcher Alan mistake lob (Alan Mislove) of ? U.S. Northeastern University (Northeastern University) says, “He can obtain the large-scale data sample which spreads to one country of the whole, or two or more countries (twitter).”
“Feeling and a pattern are analyzable from a text.
These data is used by researchers, such as psychology, sociology, political science, and geography.”
While ? twitter is a tool useful for systematization, it is also a place of the daily conversation which is useful to predict the phenomenon of a certain movie hitting who is elected in an election.
■ The young men “who escape parents’ surveillance”
While many ? social media exist, it is told to an American young man that the tendency which likes a twitter is seen now.
According to the investigation which U.S. securities company Piper JAF Lee (Piper Jaffray) conducted, the young man who answered that it used liking a twitter went up to 26%.
Mr. Amanda レンハート (Amanda Lenhart) of ? U.S. independent public opinion agency Pugh research center (Pew Research Center) indicates “The twitter has agreed for the needs of simplicity.”
“There is restriction of 140 characters and it is not necessary to write a lot.
It seems that moreover, young men also like a privacy setup of the twitter.”
According to Mr. ? レンハート, young men say that they think that the way of a twitter has little management and ends rather than Facebook.
A tweet is a “flow” and that of “being felt as if it disappeared” is the reason.
? another side and a certain specialist have indicated that there are also many young men using a twitter, “in order to escape the surveillance of the parents on Facebook.”
(c)AFP/Rob Lever
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