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[November 19 AFP] It lets the trial which aims at the first Mars attainment in Asian nations pass, and India establishes the new standard of the flight between low cost planets, and if the capital foothold for cutting deeply in the space development market in the world made into a 300 billion-dollar (about 30 trillion yen) scale is set up, specialists will observe.
? Indian Space Research Organization (Indian Space Research Organisation, ISRO) put very correctly the Mars circumference orbital probe “Maas orbiter (Mars Orbiter) on circumference track of the earth on the 5th of this month.
The fact which has cost only cheap 73 million dollars (about 7,200 million yen) by breaking the record as ? space related missions “The world is making it astonished” The co-founder ススミタ Mohanti (Susmita Mohanty) chief executive officer (CEO) of the first private sector space venture business “ground ツーオー bit (Earth2Orbit)” in India tells.
The uninhabited Mars explorer of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) where this was launched on the 18th “he is May Vaughan (). [ MAVEN and ] Compared with Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN”, it is said [ except / that it is the cost of 1/10 ] that it is “because the world hardly knew the spirit of innovation of the space plans of India.”
? India is already counted by the 6th [ top ] place in the world by space technology power with the U.S., Russia, France, China, and Japan.
However, the price of the annual appropriation of ISRO is 1/17 or 1,100 million dollars (about 110 billion yen) of NASA.
The press secretary of ISRO says that the secrets which make space plans possible on the epoch-making low budget are personnel expenses of that it is an independent “domestic” plan and the scientists that stopped quite lower than the West.
? India conducted the nuclear test in 1974, and since the sanction was exercised by Western countries after that, it promoted space plans.
And the moon probe “Chandrayaan-1 (Chandrayaan-1)” is achieving the success in which the data in which existence of water is shown is discovered on the moon’s surface five years ago.
Now, 21 satellites of India go the earth around and are supporting education, medical treatment, etc. of a communication enterprise, a broadcasting station, a meteorological observing station, and a remote place.
?ISRO has launched 35 artificial satellites of a foreign country including Japan through the business sector アントリックス (Antrix) since 99.
This is also an income source.
However, India is presupposing the space development market which is said for there to have been an income of about 304 billion dollars (about 30 trillion yen) all over the world in 2012 that he would like to further reclaim.
The cost reduction of ? India and the talent of “thrifty engineering” were shown by these Mars explorer missions currently called “the mangel yarn (Mangalyaan)” which means “the vehicle of Mars” in Hindu language.
Since there was no rocket of the size which can send a satellite into the outer atmosphere of the earth directly, in ISRO, the soul of “ジュガード” of India which means creating a cheap choice was followed.
As a result, the Maas orbiter with a weight of 350 tons does not tend to be made to go to the 400-km trip to Mars directly, but the earth tends to be made to go around for about one month, and it is going to make the speed which can escape from gravitation attraction of the earth given.
If a probe can be put with the missions of ? this time on circumference track of Mars even if there is no big scientific discovery, the technology of India can be made conspicuous for them.
Mr. Mohanti of a ground ツーオー bit “it can be said that India is sitting on “the financial connections of the universe.”
He is intent on the ability of India companies to utilize outstanding space allied products and service which ISRO developed.”
According to the ? U.S. satellite industrial association (Satellite Industry Association), when the income of the global whole satellite industry was extracted to 189 billion dollars (about 19 trillion yen) and launch industry, the price of it was 2,200 million dollars (about 220 billion yen) in 2012.
In order to suppress expenditure, while spacecraft Seki of each country depending on a “subcontract” of a space mission is increasing in number, if it may be able to compete for the contract of billions of dollar scale to ISRO, specialists will say.
(c)AFP/Penelope MACRAE
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