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[November 4 AFP] India started countdown of the Mars explorer launch of a low budget in only 15 months of development periods on the 3rd.
It becomes a space mission most ambitious in the national history, and high-risk.
The technical capabilities which excelled [ become / a country of the first Asia that arrives at the 200 million km or more-away Mars ] in their own country are expected to be shown in the world.
It is due for a robot craft 1.35 tons in weight to be carried in a domestically developed rocket, and to be launched in the size like ? large-sized refrigerator, from the space center of the southeastern country at 2:38 p.m. local time on the 5th (6:38 p.m. JST on the 5th).
The highly efficient sensor for measuring the atmosphere of Mars is carried in ? probe, and it has a hope for the trace detection of methane.
The trace detection of methane shows a possibility of leading to existence of a certain primitive life object.
■ In a launch, it is “ジュガール” of India.
The success of ? Mars exploration can also serve as national prestige for India.
The uninhabited missions to the moon which the country made successful in 2008 had helped the proof of the existence of the water in the moon, and this became one “a big leap” again, 39 years after American Mr. former astronaut Neil Armstrong (Neil Armstrong) set foot in the moon.
? success is the country of production of the cheapest car in the world again, and it leads also to raising the fame of India as an initiative country of low-cost-technology innovation.
The budget of the Mars exploration program of the country announced in August, 2012 is suppressed to only 4,500 million rupees (about 7,200 million yen).
The large-sized rocket which can launch a probe directly on the orbit to Mars does not exist in ?, however India.
Therefore, Indian Space Research Organization (Indian Space Research Organisation, ISRO) has taken in the idea of “ジュガール (Jugaad)” which carries out the originality and creativity of the cheap next best policy which the country makes elated.
?ISRO makes a probe go around on an orbit around the earth for about one month after a launch.
It is scheduled to gather speed between them and to put on track from gravitation attraction of the earth to escape and Mars.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) supports ISRO through the surveillance from three space communication institutions after a launch on the afternoon of ? the 5th.
NASA is also due to launch the Mars explorer “May Vaughan (MAVEN, Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution)” by the end of the same month.
It is only the U.S., Russia, and European Union (European Union, EU) that have succeeded in the attainment to Mars at ? former.
China failed in a launch of the probe of the country carried in the Russia rocket in 2011.
As for the Japanese Mars explorer “Nozomi”, the injection to a Mars circumference orbit is given up in 2003.
(c)AFP/Adam PLOWRIGHT
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